Farmacéuticos piden a Sanidad que saque la homeopatía de las boticas porque es una “falsa terapia”

Viñeta: Jon Álvarez.Un centenar y medio de farmacéuticos españoles ha pedido a las autoridades sanitarias y a los máximos responsables de la profesión que saquen la homeopatía de los despachos de farmacia porque es una “falsa terapia”, un engaño. “La homeopatía no es ciencia ni ha curado a nadie de nada en más de doscientos años”, advierten en una carta abierta que enviaron el viernes a la ministra de Sanidad, al presidente del Consejo General de Colegios Oficiales de Farmacéuticos, a los decanos de las facultades de farmacia y a los presidentes de las sociedades científicas farmacéuticas.

“No nos une nada más que el deseo de mejorar nuestra profesión y ganar valor frente al paciente. Tanto órganos colegiales como asociaciones científicas, algunas facultades y la mayoría de los titulares de oficinas de farmacia defienden esta mancia. Están contaminados por las empresas de homeopatía, que son las que dictan lo que tienen que hacer y no la ciencia, como debería ser”, explica el farmacéutico Suso Fernández, portavoz del colectivo FarmaCiencia e impulsor de la misiva. Los promotores de la iniciativa, que se conocen gracias a las redes sociales, esperan ser “el núcleo de algo más formal, de un grupo de profesionales y estudiantes que trabajen por un ejercicio de la farmacia ético y basado en la ciencia”. Apuestan porque su práctica profesional “esté siempre sustentada en criterios científicos y técnicos validados, así como acordes con la legislación vigente“, algo que no ocurre en la actualidad en el caso de la homeopatía.

“Mucha gente -explican en la carta- cree hoy en día la que la homeopatía es una terapia válida y sus productos reciben el nombre de medicamentos permitiéndose la comercialización de productos con indicación terapéutica que incumplen toda la legislación y normativa de obligatorio cumplimiento y a la que están sometidos los verdaderos medicamentos”. La actual legislación europea, fruto de las presiones de las grandes firmas homeopáticas francesas y alemanas en Bruselas, permite que los productos homeopáticos no tengan que demostrar su efectividad, como ocurre con cualquier medicamento de verdad, sino únicamente que son inocuos, que no causan daño. El presidente de la Organización Médica Colegial (OMC) española, Juan José Rodríguez Sendín, que considera que la homeopatía es un proceso “ilusorio y engañoso” que pertenece “al mundo de las creencias”, sostiene que la directiva europea que regula la homeopatía es un “disparate” porque sólo está “movida” por intereses económicos. Es decir, por la presión de las empresas del sector.

Violación del código ético

Los firmantes de la carta, hecha pública en coincidencia con el Día Mundial del Farmacéutico, acusan a los colegios profesionales que cuentan con secciones de homeopatía y hasta forman a sus asociados en esa práctica de violar el código ético de la profesión. Éste establece en su artículo 16 que “el farmacéutico proporcionará una información veraz y adecuada a cada paciente, no fomentando en ningún caso expectativas terapéuticas injustificadas o inadecuadas y promoviendo su derecho a la prevención y diagnóstico de la enfermedad y a tratamientos eficaces y seguros”. Y recuerdan que la homeopatía, además de no haber curado nunca a nadie, supone un peligro para la salud al llevar en ocasiones a pacientes a abandonar “terapias que sí han demostrado su efectividad” en beneficio de una que nunca lo ha hecho.

“Por primera vez un grupo de profesionales representativo y con el único interés de mejorar nuestro ejercicio profesional, se posiciona al respecto de esta terapia que nunca lo ha sido y pide expresamente a sus representantes, que actúen para que no esté en nuestro ámbito de trabajo”, indican. Y lamentan que la homeopatía “aparezca en guías clínicas de sociedades científicas” y que haya facultades de farmacia que la tengan en sus planes de estudios, “dañando la imagen de la universidad y la profesión al incluir la homeopatía con el resto de los tratamientos científicos, sin ninguna evidencia que la respalde.

La iniciativa arrancó a finales de agosto a raíz de un tuit de Fernández, conocido por regentar una farmacia en la Gran Vía madrileña y oponerse abiertamente a la venta de homeopatía en las boticas. ”Recibí muchas solicitudes para que formásemos un grupo y comenzásemos a trabajar fuera de estas instituciones que traicionan a nuestra profesión y permiten el engaño al paciente con esta falsa terapia”, recuerda. Al final, Roi Cal Seijas, Cecilia Pita, Aurora García y Fernández, “farmacéuticos en ejercicio en diversos sectores”, decidieron recoger firmas entre colegas como primer pasado en su lucha contra esta pseudoterapia.

Aunque los 155 firmantes a fecha de hoy son pocos “frente a los más de 60.000 farmacéuticos que puede haber”, los promotores de la iniciativa aseguran que esta carta -abierta a la firma de los profesionales que lo deseen- es sólo el primer paso. Ellos no entienden el silencio de la comunidad farmacéutica, más allá de las presiones económicas de las compañías del sector. “En las facultades de farmacia, la mayoría no recibe información sobre homeopatía (salvo dos o tres deshonrosos ejemplos como el de Salamanca) y, en cuanto son titulares de una oficina de farmacia, se les nubla la (con)ciencia y se ponen a venderla, deshonrando la profesión y menospreciando al paciente y a la ciencia. Aquí claro que hay complicidad. Muchos lo justifican por ganar dinero y porque el paciente la demanda, pero se puede demostrar que no se pierde dinero si no se vende homeopatía y que el paciente lo entiende si se le explica. Además, así no traicionamos su confianza en el técnico sanitario que somos. Los adjuntos no titulares no se atreven a hacer valer su opinión frente a la del titular por miedo a represalias. Recientemente y para la selección de un farmacéutico he entrevistado a diez recién titulados y ninguno afirmaba creer que la homeopatía es una terapia eficaz y solo uno la había visto en la Universidad”, indica Fernández, que es miembro del Círculo Escéptico y de ARP-Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento Crítico.

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¿Qué es la homeopatía?

Los principios de la homeopatía, establecidos por el médico alemán Samuel Hahnemann en 1796, son que una sustancia que provoca un síntoma puede curarlo si se diluye mucho y que, cuanto más diluida esté, mayores serán sus efectos sanadores. Hay de venta en farmacias preparados homeopáticos cuyo principio activo está diluido en el equivalente a un tercio de gota de agua en todos los océanos de la Tierra y hasta a una molécula en innumerables universos. Pruebas de laboratorio hechas en todo el mundo han demostrado que esos preparados homeopáticos no tienen más que azúcar. Muy caro, pero sólo azúcar.

La Asociación Médica Británica sostiene que la homeopatía “es brujería”; el Comité de Ciencia y Tecnología de la Cámara de los Comunes británica considera que “no existe ninguna prueba de que funcione más allá del placebo”; un grupo de expertos elegido por el Ministerio de Sanidad español concluyó en un informe en 2011 que la homeopatía “no ha probado definitivamente su eficacia en ninguna indicación o situación clínica concreta», y la Sociedad Estadounidense de Química (ACS) sentenciaba en mayo pasado que “el uso de los remedios homeopáticos se ha prolongado durante casi 200 años, pero también lo ha hecho el progreso de la ciencia. Y ese progreso nos ha demostrado que los principios de la homeopatía son tonterías”.

Publicado por Luis Alfonso Gámez

Luis Alfonso Gámez es periodista. Ha sido el conductor de Escépticos (ETB), la primera producción española de televisión dedicada a la promoción del pensamiento crítico, y llevado la sección El archivo del misterio en Órbita Laika (La 2). Ha colaborado con la Cadena SER, Radio Nacional de España, Radio 3, M80 Radio, Radio Vitoria y Punto Radio Bizkaia -antes Punto Radio Bilbao-, con intervenciones que pueden escucharse en cualquier sitio gracias al podcast Magonia. Da ante todo tipo de público charlas sobre ciencia y pseudociencia, en las que habla de la conspiración lunar, la Atlántida, los ovnis, la guerra psíquica entre Estados Unidos y la Unión Soviética, las conspiraciones, el periodismo gilipollas y, si se da el caso, hace a los asistentes experimentar lo paranormal. Trabaja en el diario El Correo de Bilbao, donde cubre la información de ciencia desde hace años. Mantiene desde junio de 2003 este blog, dedicado al análisis crítico de los presuntos misterios paranormales y al fomento del escepticismo, y firma desde octubre de 2010 una columna en español, ¡Paparruchas!, en la web del Comité para la Investigación Escéptica (CSI), la organización científica más importante dedicada al estudio de lo extraordinario, de la que es consultor. Además, es fundador del Círculo Escéptico, asociación organizadora del Día de Darwin y de los encuentros Enigmas y Birras, entre otros actos de divulgación del pensamiento crítico. Ha escrito los libros El peligro de creer (2015), La cara oculta del misterio (2010) y Crónicas de Magonia (2012), y ha coordinado la obra colectiva Misterios a la luz de la ciencia (2008), publicada por la Universidad del País Vasco y en la cual destacados científicos examinan la posibilidad de vida extraterrestre y la existencia de monstruos, entre otros asuntos. Fue el único español participante en el libro Skeptical odysseys. Personal accounts by the world's leading paranormal inquirers (Odiseas escépticas. Reflexiones personales de los principales investigadores mundiales sobre lo paranormal. 2001), editado por el filósofo Paul Kurtz. Si quiere informarle de algo relacionado con los temas de este blog o entrar en contacto con él para cualquier cosa, puede hacerlo por correo electrónico, Twitter, Facebook o Google +.

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  1. La OMS recomienda integrar la homeopatía dentro de los sistemas de salud. http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s21201es/s21201es.pdf.
    Países como Suiza hacen un referéndum donde el 90% de su población desea tener la homeopatía en su seguridad social.. Inglaterra , Francia, Alemania, tienen la homeopatía integrada en su seguridad social. Por que va España en contravia de la OMS y el resto de países europeos? Hablando de ciencia en medicina es una falacia. La medicina se basa en la ciencia pero no lo es. El médico quiere curar al paciente. El científico sólo observa el experimentó. La medicina que se puede demostrar con ciencia es sólo una parte . Homeopatia se basa en un concepto diferente de curación. Aún no existen metodologías para su medición. Es una pena que gente desconocedora y otros peor, farmaceutas que si conocen, pretendan mantener el oscurantismo mental. Pero el gobierno ha legislado y las personas ya no se dejan engañar: el 90% de quienes acuden a un médico homeópata son de alto nivel cultural, mujeres y con hijos. No hay ninguna rivalidad. Sólo hay una medicina.

  2. Aquí van unos cuantos trabajos de investigación sobre la efectividad de la homeopatía. Hay varios cientos más publicados. 28. MacLaughlin BW, Gutsmuths B, Pretner E, et al. Effects of homeopathic preparations on human prostate cancer growth in cellular and animal models. Integr Cancer Ther. 2006 Dec;5(4):362-72.To confirm the effectiveness of the homeopathic treatment of prostate cancer, the researchers in this trial assessed the effects of the homeopathic medicines Sabal serrulata, Conium maculatum and Thuja occidentalis against PC-3 and DU-145 human prostate cancer cell cultures and against the growth of prostate tumors in mice. Sabal reduced the proliferation of the PC-3 cell line by 33% in 72 hours and the DU-145 cell line by 23% in 24 hours. Compared to controls, Sabal also had a statistically significant effect on the tumors suffered by mice. The homeopathic medicines Conium maculatum and Thuja occidentalis showed no beneficial effect on the proliferation of the cell lines or tumors observed in this study.
    29. Mallick P, Mallick JC, Guha B, Khuda-Bukhsh AR Ameliorating effect of microdoses of a potentized homeopathic drug, Arsenicum Album, on arsenic-induced toxicity in mice. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2003 Oct 22;3(1):7. In this study, Indian researchers using mice as a model for the management of human arsenic toxicity from drinking contaminated groundwater in rural India, assessed the toxicity from arsenic in mice pretreated with homoeopathic Arsenicum album 30C and 200C. When compared to controls, the homoeopathic remedies were found to reduce experimentally induced arsenic toxicity.
    30. Mathie RT, Hansen L, Elliott MF, Hoare J. Outcomes from homeopathic prescribing in veterinary practice: a prospective, research-targeted, pilot study. Homeopathy. 2007 Jan;96(1):27-34. In this cohort study, 8 veterinarians trained in homeopathy collected clinical case outcome data over a 6 month period for animals treated by them using homeopathic medicines. The records for 767 consecutive patients were collected and the results analysed via an owner- assessed 7-point scale which compared the condition before and after homeopathic treatment. These patients consisted of 547 dogs, 155 cats, 50 horses, 5 rabbits, 4 guinea-pigs, 2 birds, 2 goats, 1 cow, and 1 tortoise. The results from 539 cases were amenable to analysis and from these an improvement was seen in 79.8% of the animals, 6.1% of animals experienced a deterioration of their condition and 11.7% had no response to treatment.
    31. Oberbaum M, Weissman Z, Bentwich Z. Treatment of Murine SLE by Idiotype Isotherapy. Berlin Journal on Research in Homoeopathy, Congress Report, 1991, June, 1, 3, 168. Using the knowledge that Systemic Lupus Erythrematosis (SLE) is induced by anti-DNA idiotype 16/6, homoeopathic potencies were made of this material and it was administered to mice suffering from SLE. When compared to controls, 100% of the mice treated with the 30X potency of the idiotype had a positive response to the treatment.
    32. Pathak S, Kumar Das J, Biswas S, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Protective potentials of a potentized homeopathic drug, Lycopodium-30, in ameliorating azo dye induced hepatocarcinogenesis in mice. Mol Cell Biochem. 2006 Apr;285(1-2):121-31. The researchers in this study, which was carried out at the University of Kalyani in India’s West Bengal, used 210 mice in an experiment to determine the protective effect of Lycopodium 30C against the carcinogenic effects of p-dimethyl amino azo benzene and phenobarbital. When assessed using chomosomal aberrations as well as several morphological and biochemical parameters at 120 days from the beginning of the experiment, it was confirmed that Lycopodium 30C not only exhibited a protective effect, but also a restorative effect against the action of p-dimethyl amino azo benzene and phenobarbital.
    33.Pedalino C.M.V., Perazzo F.F., Carvalho J.C.T., Matinho K.S., Massoco C. de O, Bonamin L.V. Effect of Atropa belladonna and Echinacea angustifolia in homeopathic dilution on experimental peritonitis. Homeopathy, 2004, 93, 193-198. 36 mice with experimentally induced peritonitis were given either echinacea angustifolia 4X, a combination of belladonna and echinacea in mixed homeopathic potencies, a combination of echinacea in mixed potencies , 2 separate combinations of belladonna in mixed potencies, or a control substance, and their progress was monitored over time. Outcomes were measured using polymorphnuclear cell migration, mononuclear cell percentages, degenerate leucocyte proportions and phagocytosis characteristics. All of the homeopathic test substances produced positive outcomes with the belladonna and echinacea potency combination providing the maximal increase in polymorphnuclear cell migration and phagocytosis.
    34. Rajkumar R, Srivastava SK, Yadav MC, Varshney VP, Varshney JP, Kumar H. Effect of a Homeopathic complex on oestrus induction and hormonal profile in anoestrus cows. Homeopathy. 2006 Jul, 95, 3, 131-5. From a group of 12 anoestrus cows, 6 were selected to receive treatment with a combination of homeopathic medicines, given as 15 pills twice daily for 10 days. The remaining 6 cows acted as untreated controls. The treatment was effective in inducing oestrus in all of the 6 treated cows with an average of 1 conception per 1.83 services. In addition, the researchers found that oestradiol levels in the treated cows almost doubled from pre-treatment levels. Treatment results were seen at a mean interval of 27.5+/-5.3 days.
    35. Reis LS, Pardo PE, Oba E, Kronka Sdo N, Frazatti-Gallina NM. Matricaria chamomilla CH12 decreases handling stress in Nelore calves. J Vet Sci. 2006 Jun;7 (2):189-92. In this study, 60 Nelore calves were randomly assigned to receive either Chamomilla 12C or no Chamomilla 12C in their feed. Following this they were subjected to short periods of handling stress after which blood samples were taken to assess their cortisol levels. After the results from the 2 groups had been compared, it was found the calves given Chamomilla 12C had significantly lower levels of blood cortisol than those that did not, indicating that they were better able to deal with stress as a result of ingestion of the homeopathic medicine.
    36. Ruiz- Vega G, Perez- Ordaz L, Proa- Flores P, Aguilar- Diaz Y. An Evaluation of Coffea cruda effect on Rats. British Homeopathic Journal, 2000, 89, 122-126. This study tested the effects of Coffea 30C versus placebo on the sleep patterns of rats assessed using EEG readings. The results showed a statistically significant effect consistent with increased sleeping activity in those rats given the active medicine.
    37. Ruiz-Vega G, Perez-Ordaz L, Leon-Hueramo O, Cruz-Vasquez E, Sanchez-Diaz N. Comparitive Effect of Coffea cruda Potencies on Rats. Homeopathy, 2002, 91, 80-84. 30C and 200C potencies of Coffea cruda and caffeine were administered orally to rats, and EEG data from the parietal region recorded. When compared with control animals, Coffea 30C and 200C were associated with changes in EEG patterns that were consistent with increased sleep activity.
    38. Ruiz-Vega G,  Perez-Ordaz L, Cotez-Galvan L, Juarez-GFM. A Kinetic Approach to Caffeine-  Coffea cruda Interaction. Homeopathy, 2003, 92, 19-29. In this blinded and controlled study, rats were given caffeine and then Coffea 30C in an effort to determine what effects, if any, the Coffea 30C had on sleep characteristics. The homoeopathic remedy was found to increase the intensity of sleep in the rats when compared with the effects of the control used.
    39. Ruiz-Vega G, Poitevin B, Perez-Ordaz L. Histamine at high dilution reduces spectral density in delta band in sleeping rats. Homeopathy. 2005 Apr, 94, 2, 86-91. Histamine in material doses is a central nervous system stimulant operating via H1 receptors. The researchers in this study examined the effects of histamine in 30C homeopathic potency on the sleep patterns of rats. Using the spectral density of the delta band in the sleep electroencephalogram to measure the effects of the remedy, which is higher during periods on non-REM sleep, researchers found that histamine 30C produced an increase in wakefulness when compared to controls.
    40. Sakakura CE, Neto RS, Bellucci M, Wenzel A, Scaf G, Marcantonio E Jr. Influence of Homeopathic Treatment with Comfrey on Bone Density around Titanium Implants: A Digital Subtraction Radiography Study in Rats. Clinical Oral Implants Research. 2008 Jun;19(6):624-8. This controlled trial looked at populations of rats to discover what influence, if any, Symphytum 6C had on improving the density of bone around recent titanium implants. Implants were given to 2 groups of 24 rats; one group was given 10 drops of Symphytum 6C per day and the other was given a similar amount of a control substance. Animals were radiologically assessed for bone density around the implants at the beginning of the study period, and again at 7, 14 and 28 days. Radiographs taken at day 7 showed an increase in bone density over controls, although no statistically significant effect was seen for the radiographs taken on days 14 and 28.
    41. Sato DYO, Wal R, de Oliveira CC, Cattaneo RI, Malvezzi M, Gabardo J, Buchi D. de F. Histopathological and immunophenotyping studies on normal and sarcoma 180-bearing mice treated with a complex homeopathic medication. Homeopathy, 2005, Jan, 94, 1, 26-32. 55 mice with experimentally induced sarcomas were given placebo or a homeopathic combination product, and observed daily over a period of 21 days. Compared to those receiving placebo, the mice being given the homeopathic combination showed a reduction in tumor size, an increased infiltration by lymphoid cells, granulation tissue and fibrosis surrounding the tumor, all of which are indicative of a positive response to the medicine.
    42. Sukul A., Sinhabau S.P., Sukul N.C., Reduction of Alcohol Induced Sleep time in albino mice by Potentised Nux vomica prepared with 90% Ethanol. British Homoeopathic Journal, 88, 1999, 58-61. In a controlled experiment to determine the effect of Nux vomica 30C on alcohol induced sleep, mice that had sleep induced via an injection of 25% ethanol were given a control substance or Nux vomica 30C. Nux vomica 30C prepared in 90% ethanol was effective in reducing sleep time.
    43. Sukul NC, Ghosh S, Sinhababu SP, Sukul A. Strychnos nux vomica extract and its ultra high dilution reduce voluntary ethanol intake in rats. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 2001, April, 7, 2, 187-193. In an attempt to determine the effect of homeopathic Nux vomica on alcoholism, potentially alcoholic laboratory rats housed in the Visva-Bharati University in West Bengal, India, after being divided into 4 groups, were given a choice of drinking from bottles containing either 20% ethanol in water or plain water. The rats were given diluent, or strychnine, or nux vomica tincture, or nux vomica 30C. When compared to the control group (diluent only) both the nux vomica tincture and nux vomica 30C groups of rats showed a distinct aversion to the 20% ethanol drinking bottle.
    44. Sukul NC, Ghosh S, Sinhababu SP. Reduction in the number of infective Trichinella spiralis larvae in mice by use of homeopathic drugs. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2005 Aug, 12, 4, 202-5. Trichinellosis, a disease caused by Trichinella spiralis, which occurs in humans and animals, was the subject of this trial. Mice infected with this organism were given Podophyllum as a homeopathic mother tincture, Cina 30C, Santonin 30C, or ethanol 30C as a control substance. After 120 days the mice were examined for the presence of the T. spiralis larvae and this was compared with the larval load before therapy. At 120 days the mice given Podophyllum had their larval load reduced by 61% when compared to the control, those given Santonin had a reduction of 81% and the mice given Cina had a reduction of 84%.
    45. Varshney JP, Naresh R. Evaluation of a homeopathic complex in the clinical management of udder diseases of riverine buffaloes. Homeopathy. 2004 Jan;93(1):17-20. Indian researchers involved in this trial developed a homoeopathic complex against mastitis and tested it, without placebo controls, with 102 riverine buffaloes suffering from various levels of mastitis. The treatment was deemed to be 80 to 97% effective against the disease, depending on the severity of the condition.
    46. Varshney JP, Naresh R. Comparative efficacy of homeopathic and allopathic systems of medicine in the management of clinical mastitis of Indian dairy cows. Homeopathy. 2005, 94, 2, 81-5. Bovine mastitis is a serious problem in India and for many Indian dairy farmers, standard veterinary treatment, because of its cost, is not a viable option. With this in mind, researchers treated 96 lactating dairy cattle suffering from mastitis using a homeopathic combination product (Group A). These were compared with a group of the same number of lactating dairy cattle suffering from mastitis that were treated with antibiotics (Group B). The treatment outcomes, duration and costs were then compared. Cattle from Group A had a successful treatment response rate of 86.6%, a mean time to recovery of 7.7 days and a total cost of (US) 47 cents. Cattle from Group B had a successful treatment response rate of 59.2%, a mean time to recovery of 4.5 days and a total cost of (US) $3.28.
    47. Varshney JP. Clinical management of idiopathic epilepsy in dogs with homeopathic Belladonna 200C: a case series. Homeopathy. 2007 January, 96, 1, 46-48. In this uncontrolled study, 10 dogs suffering from idiopathic epilepsy were given 3-4 drops of homeopathic Belladonna 200C during the seizure phase orally at 15min intervals until the seizure activity was reduced, and this was continued then four times daily. Four dogs with head shaking syndrome in addition to seizures were given an additional Cocculus 6C, 3-4 drops orally weekly for 3 months. As a result of this therapy, the numbers of fits reduced to 2-3 during first 2 weeks post-therapy and then became occasional in next 2 weeks. With continuation of Belladonna therapy, no fits were observed during 2-7 months follow-up. In two cases seizures reappeared within 15-25 days of cessation of therapy. Belladonna therapy was resumed and seizure control was again achieved. Owners were advised to continue the therapy at least twice daily until no fits occurred for at least 2 months.
    48. Varshney JP, Chaudhuri S. Atrial paroxysmal tachycardia in dogs and its management with homeopathic Digitalis–two case reports. Homeopathy. 2007 Oct;96(4):270-2. Homeopathically prepared Digitalis 6C is a common prescription for those suffering from atrial tachycardia. This paper reports on the effects of Digitalis 6C, given at the Division of Medicine of the Indian Veterinary Research Institute in Izatnagar in India, to a Labrador dog and a German Shepherd dog, both of which were suffering from atrial paroxysmal tachycardia. Both dogs were given 4 drops of the medicine 4 times daily and their ECGs were assessed after 7 days of continuous treatment. At this point it was found that the heart rates of both dogs was stabilised and synchronized, with atrial and ventricular electrical activity appearing to be functioning normally.
    49. Viriato EP, Bianchetti ES, dos Santos KC, Vaz AF, Campos RMV, Pereira AP, Bezerra RM,  Perazzo FF, Carvalho JCT. Study of high dilutions of copaiba oil on inflammatory process. Int J High Dilution Res 2009; 8(26): 9-149. This trial was a collaborative effort by researchers from several Brazilian universities and was designed to test the hypothesis that Copaiba oil, homeopathically potentised to 30C from either mother tincture or triturate, is as effective as Indomethacin in reducing inflammation induced by carageenan, and also to determine if it was capable of influencing tissue granulation when compared to conventional treatment. The 30C potency from mother tincture and triturate both reduced inflammation by up to 73%, and Indomethacin reduced inflammation by 55%. In addition, 6C potencies of Copaiba oil were able to produce a 48% inhibition of granulation, compared to a 57% reduction from the use of Dexamethasone.
    50. Williamson AV, Mackie WL, Crawford WJ, Rennie B. A Trial of Sepia 200. British Homeopathic Journal, 84, 1, January 1995, 14-20. Using a randomised placebo control method, Sepia 200C was assessed for its ability to increase reproductive performance in a herd of Fresian cross diary cows. Sepia increased all parameters measured.
    Plant studies
    1. Baumgartner S., Thurneysen A., Heusser P. Growth stimulation of dwarf peas (Pisum sativum L.) through homeopathic potencies of plant growth substances. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2004, Oct,11, 5,:281-92. In an effort to determine the effects of homeopathically potentised plant growth substances on the shoot growth characteristics of dwarf peas, plant cultures were immersed for 24 hours in solutions containing 4 different plant growth substances in 12X to 30X potencies. These were compared to cultures grown in a control substance. At shoot length measurement after a 14 day growth period, the cultures grown in the potentised growth substances showed a measurable effect on the seed growth characteristics when compared to the control substance, the most notable of these, gibberellin 17X, producing the largest growth stimulation.
    2. Baumgartner S, Shah D, Schaller J, Kämpfer U, Thurneysen A, Heusser P. Reproducibility of dwarf pea shoot growth stimulation by homeopathic potencies of gibberellic acid. Complement Ther Med. 2008 Aug;16(4):183-91. In this Swiss study, which was slight variation of previous work done in this area by Hamman and others, dwarf pea seedlings in 4 batches containing seeds taken from adult plants in 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2000, were exposed to 17X and 18X potencies of Gibberellic acid (GA) and cultivated under controlled conditions, alongside dwarf pea seedlings that had received the same level of exposure to 2 negative control substances. GA in material doses is often used commercially to break periods of dormancy in seeds and has the capacity to stimulate the growth of seedlings and it’s an endogenous component of some seeds and is involved in the growth of seeds and alpha amylase activity within the plant.. After 14 days all of these seedlings had their lengths measured and at this point it was found that the controls had performed as predicted, the 1997 seedling batch previously exposed to GA 17X and GA 18X had exceeded the growth rate of the controls by an average of 11.2% and the 1998 batch responded with a mixture of either stimulation or suppression of growth. Batches from 1999 and 2000 failed to respond to either potency of GA.
    3. Binder M, Baumgartner S, Thurneysen A. The effects of a 45x potency of arsenicum album on wheat seedling growth — a reproduction trial. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2005 Oct, 12, 5, 284-91. In a repeat performance of the previous trial, wheat seedlings previously exposed to sub-lethal doses arsenic were cultivated in either Arsenicum album 45X, water 45X or un-potentised water, and the seedling height measured at 7 days. The experiment was independently reproduced 8 times and after the results were collated the wheat seedlings cultivated in Arsenicum 45X showed a significant reduction in height when compared to the 2 controls.
    4. Bornoroni C. Synergism of Action between Indolacetic Acid and Highly Diluted Solutions of Calc carb on the Growth of Oat Celeoptiles. Berlin J on Res in Hom, 1, 4/5, December 1991, 275-278. This study demonstrated that Calc carb 5X significantly increased the growth stimulating effects of the plant growth stimulant, indole acetic acid.
    5. Brizzi M, Lazzarato L, Nani D, Borghini F, Peruzzi M, Betti L. A biostatistical insight into the As(2)O(3) high dilution effects on the rate and variability of wheat seedling growth. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2005 Oct, 12, 5, 277-83. Wheat seedlings previously stressed with sub-lethal doses of arsenic, a substance known to be lethal to this plant, were treated with various potencies of Arsenicum album (5X, 15X, 25X, 35X and 45X), equivalent potencies of water and equivalent un-succussed dilutions of arsenic trioxide. The stem lengths of the seedlings was assessed at day 7 and it was found that the 45X potencies of Arsenicum and the water but not the diluted arsenic trioxide induced an increase in seedling height.
    6. Endler PC, Pongratz W. Homoeopathic Effect of a Plant Hormone? Berlin J on Res in Hom, 1, 3, June, 1991, 148-150. This study showed that Indole Butyric Acid, known at material levels to enhance the growth of new roots and leaves from plant slips, at a 33X potency, continued to provide an enhancement of growth
    7. Jones RL, Jenkins MD. Plant Responses to Homoeopathic Medicines. British Homeopathic Journal, 70, 3, July 1981, 120-146. The authors of this work set out to study the effects of various homeopathic potencies of Silver nitrate on the growth characteristics of the leaf sheaths of wheat. On analysis of the results they found that potencies of silver nitrate were in fact able to either inhibit or stimulate growth, depending upon the potency applied.
    8. Scherr C, Simon M, Spranger J, Baumgartner S. Effects of Potentised Substances on Growth Rate of the water plant Lemna gibba. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2009 Apr;17(2):63-70. Claudia Scherr and colleagues at the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture in Frick, Switzerland, conducted this randomised, controlled and blinded study to determine the extent to which various homeopathically potentised substances could influence the growth of Duckweed (Lemna gibba) when compared to controls. To do this, Duckweed was grown in 14X to 30X homeopathic potencies of Argentum nitricum, Lemna minor and Gibberelic acid (a known plant growth regulator), over a period of 7 days.  Measurements were taken over 0-3 days, 3-7 days and 0-7 days. Succussed and un-succussed water controls were used. Neither controls produced any statistically significant effect and the potencies that caused the most pronounced reduction in growth when compared to controls were those of Gibberelic acid, particularly the 15X, 17X, 23X and 24X potencies.
    In-Vitro Studies
    1. Aziz DM, Enbergs H. Stimulation of bovine sperm mitochondrial activity by homeopathic dilutions of monensin. Homeopathy. 2005 Oct, 94, 4, 229-32. Mitochondrial activity is an important marker for the health of sperm. It’s linked to sperm motility and in research laboratories monensin is commonly used as an inhibitor for sperm mitochondrial activity. The researchers in this study examined the effects of the 5X to the 14X homeopathic potencies of monensin on the activity of the mitochondria of sperm taken from mature bulls. All of the potencies produced a stimulatory effect on the bull sperm mitochondrial activity, with the 9X producing the strongest of these effects
    2. Belon P, Cumps J, Ennis M, et al. Inhibition of Human Basophil Degranulation by Successive Histamine Dilutions. Inflammation Research, 48, Supplement 1, 1999, S17-18. In this controversial, blinded multi-centre trial (which confirmed earlier studies published in Nature in 1988), homeopathic potencies of histamine were found to substantially reduce the potential for degranulation by sensitised basophils when exposed to allergens.
    3. Belon P., Cumps J., Ennis M., Mannaioni P.F., Roberfroid M., Sainte-Laudy J., Wiegant F.A. Histamine Dilutions Modulate Basophil Activation. Inflammation Research, 2004, May, 53, 5, 181-8. In this study, which was a replication of work by Jacques Benveniste published in Nature in 1988, the researchers attempted to use homeopathic dilutions of histamine to inhibit the activation of human basophils exposed to an inflammatory mediator. The study was carried out blind in 4 separate laboratories. Histamine dilutions equivalent to 30X and 38X were found to inhibit basophil activation and subsequent histamine release.

    4. Casaroli- Marano RP, Alegre J, Campos B. Infrared Changes in Potentised Solutions. Revista Homeopatica, 1998, 38, 5- 12. In this experiment, 70% alcohol/water solutions were serially diluted 1 in 100 up to 30 times, with and without succussion at each step. On examination of each of these significant spectral differences were found between the solutions that were succussed and those that were not, indicating that dilution and succussion may produce structural changes to the molecules in the solution. This may provide further evidence for the possibility of a “memory” of water.
    5. Chirila M, Hristescu S, Manda G, Neagu M, Olinescu A. The Action of Succussed Substances on the Human Lymphocytes and PMN Granulocytes in Vitro Stimulated with Phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) and Zymosin Opsonised (ZO). Berlin Journal on Research in Homoeopathy, Congress Report, 1991, June, 1, 3, 166-167. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were taken from people with a history of allergy to bee products (Group 1), and from people who were immunosuppressed (Group 2). These cells were incubated in culture media supplemented with a succussed water control, various homoeopathic potencies of bee venom (for Group 1 cells), or cortisone (for Group 2 cells), and the cells were grown. The proliferation of Group 1 cells was inhibited by the potencies of bee venom, indicating that these remedies may be useful in the management of allergies to bee products. The effects of the potencies of cortisone on the Group 2 cells varied from stimulation to inhibition.
    6. Chirumbolo S, Signorini A, Bianchi I, Lippe G, Bellavite P. Effects of Homoeopathic Preparations of Organic Acids and Minerals on the Oxidative Metabolism of Human Neutrophils. British Homeopathic Journal, 1993, 82, 237-244. The in vitro adhesion and superoxide production of human neutrophils were monitored in the presence of various homoeopathic medicines. Of these, Sulphur 6X, Manganum phos 6X and 8X, and Magnesium phos 6X and 8X all lead to a 15-30% increase in these parameters.
    7. Delbancut A, Barrouillet MA, Maury-Brachet R, Boudou A, Dorfman P, Cambar J. Mechanistic Approach to the Effect of High Dilutions of Cadmium to Protect from Cytotoxic Cadmium doses in Renal Tubular Cell Cultures. International Research Group on Very Low Dose and High Dilution Effects, 1993 Giri Meeting, BHJ, April, 1994, 83, 84-100 Material concentrations of cadmium have strong toxic effects on renal tubules. The researchers involved in this study found that pre-treatment with homeopathic cadmium 40X, and subsequent exposure to material concentrations of cadmium, led to a significant reduction in cadmium induced damage.
    8. Enbergs H. Effects of the homeopathic preparation Engystol on interferon-gamma production by human T-lymphocytes. Immunol Invest. 2006, 35, 1, 19-27. In one of the few experiments carried out in this area to date, researchers conducting this study collected T-lymphocytes from 30 healthy human volunteers to investigate the ability or otherwise of a homeopathic combination product to increase the production of interferon-gamma from these cells. After exposure to various concentrations of this combination, when compared to control cells, interferon-gamma producing cell levels were increased by a means of 20.9% to over 24% with no dose-dependence of the effect at the concentrations tested.
    9. Fougeray S, Moubry K, Vallot N, Bastide M. Effect of High Dilutions of Epidermal Growth Factor on in-vitro Proliferation of Keratinocyte and Fibroblast Cell Lines. 6th Giri Symposium, Munich, Oct 1992, reported in British Homeopathic Journal, 93, 82. In this experiment, it was shown that 19X and 45X homeopathic potencies of Epidermal Growth Factor inhibited the proliferation of Keratinocyte and Fibroblast Cell Lines.
    10. Fleisbach A, Fejfar V, Spranger J. Effects of Homoeopathic Potencies: Growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Potentised Copper Sulphate Dilutions. British Homeopathic Journal, 2000, 89, Supplement 1, S65. Material concentrations of copper sulphate inhibit the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and in this study, researchers determined what effect if any a homeopathic medicine made from copper sulphate would have on this organism. On exposure to homeopathically potentised copper sulphate, a potency dependant inhibition or enhancement of growth was seen.
    11. Gebhardt R Antioxidative, antiproliferative and biochemical effects in HepG2 cells of a homeopathic remedy and its constituent plant tinctures tested separately or in combination. Arzneimittelforschung. 2003, 53, 12, 823-30. This laboratory study examined the effect of a homeopathic combination product and its separate components for antioxidative, antiproliferative and biochemical effects on liver cells grown in laboratory tissue-culture. Protective effects against oxidation of the cells by tert-butyl hydroperoxide were shown by Carduus, China and Nux mosch, and the combination provided the same level of protection as these 3 individual remedies combined. Carduus, Chelidonium, Colocynthis and Veratrum alb all showed an antiproliferative effect against cell proliferation agents on the cells and the combination exhibited the same effect. Carduus and the combination both increased the conjugation effectiveness of glutathione.
    12. Glatthaar-Saalmuller B, Fallier-Becker P. Antiviral Action of Euphorbium Compositum and its Componants. Forschende Komplementarmedizin Und Klassiche Naturheikunde, 2001, 8, 207-212. In this in-vitro study, human cell cultures were infected with influenza A virus, respiratory syncytial virus, human rhinovirus or herpes simplex virus type1, and then treated with Euphorbium compositum, a homeopathic complex. Various anti-viral drugs such as acyclovir, ribavirin and amatadine were used as positive controls against which to compare the results of the complex. When compared with control cells exposed to the same concentration of ethanol used in the complex, the homeopathic complex showed anti-viral properties comparable to the effects of the drugs against respiratory syncitial virus and herpes simplex virus type 1.
    13. Glatthaar-Saalmuller B, Fallier-Becker P, Weiser M. Influence of homeopathically processed Coenzyme Q10 on proliferation and redifferentiation of endothelial cells. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2004, Oct, 11, 5,:267-73. CoEnzyme Q10, known for its ability to regulate cell metabolism and proliferation, was assessed for its ability to promote the same functions after being homeopathically potentised. Undifferentiated human umbilical vein endothelial cell cultures were exposed to various potencies of CoQ10 (5X to 10X) The cell division rate was then assessed by flow cytometry and cell differentiation determined by von Willebrand factor expression. The 7X to 10X potencies of CoQ10, and particularly the 8X potency, increased cell proliferation while none of the potencies appeared to enhance cell differentiation.

    14. Moss VA, Roberts A, Simpson K. Action of Remedies on Movement of Macrophages and Leucocytes. Homeopathy, 2002, 91, 113-114. Laboratory measurements of guinea pig macrophages and human leucocytes exposed to the homoeopathic remedies Belladonna, Hepar sulph, Pyrogenium, Silica and Staphylococcinum, showed that these remedies caused an increase in the movement of these cells through a Boyden micropore filter. This may indicate that the remedies produce an increase in this aspect of immune competence.
    15. Oberbaum M, Glatthaar-Saalmüller B, Stolt P, Weiser M. Antiviral activity of Engystol: an in vitro analysis. J Altern Complement Med. 2005 Oct, 11, 5, 855-62. Cultured tissue cells infected with herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), human rhinovirus (HRV), adeno 5 (A5V) and respiratory syncytial virus were exposed to Engystol, a homeopathic combination product. These cells were then assayed for virus clearance using plaque reduction, virus titration and Elisa methods. The results of these assays showed an 80% reduction in HSV-1 specific proteins, a 73% reduction in A5V specific proteins and a reduction in infectivity of RSV by 37% and HRV by 20%.
    16. Pathak S, Multani AS, Banerji P, Banerji P. Ruta 6 selectively induces cell death in brain cancer cells but proliferation in normal peripheral blood lymphocytes: A novel treatment for human brain cancer. Int J Oncol. 2003 Oct;23(4):975-82. In this uncontrolled study, 15 people suffering from various intracranial tumors were treated with a combination Ruta 6C and homoeopathic calcium phosphate. All forms of tumors, particularly gliomas, were found to regress under treatment with these medicines and the trial subjects also exhibited an increase in normal peripheral blood lymphocytes.  Further examination of a possible mechanism for the tumor-killing effect of this combination found that it was due to cancer cell telomere erosion, causing a selective early death of these cells.
    17. Poitevin B, Davenas E, Benveniste J. In Vitro Immunological Degranulation of Human Basophils is Modulated by Lung Histamine and Apis mellifica. Br J Clin Pharmacol, 1988, 25, 439-444. In this study, potentised dilutions of Apis mellifica and Histamine were found to significantly reduce basophil degranulation in vitro.
    18. Ramachandran C, Nair PK, Clèment RT, Melnick SJ. Investigation of cytokine expression in human leukocyte cultures with two immune-modulatory homeopathic preparations. J Altern Complement Med. 2007 May;13(4):403-7. The aim of the researchers from Miami Children’s Hospital in Florida who carried out this study was to determine the effects of homeopathics on cellular signalling pathways, specifically, the effects of 2 anti-influenza homeopathic combination products on normal human leukocyte cultures. When the researchers compared the effects of the homeopathic combinations to 20% ethanol solvent controls, it was found that exposure to either of the homeopathic combinations stimulated the production of pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines by these cells.
    19. Singh L.M., Gupta G. Antiviral Efficacy of Homeopathic Drugs against Animal Viruses. British Homeopathic Journal, 1985, July, 74, 3. Researchers at the Indian Central Drug Research Institute in Lucknow carried out this study to determine the inhibiting effects, if any, of various potencies of 10 homeopathic remedies on chicken embryo virus and simliki forest virus, a virus capable of causing encephalitis, paralysis ad death in mice. Homeopathic typhoidinum 200C, hydrophobinum 1M, tuberculinum 1M, nux vomica 200C and malandrinum 1M all produced 100% inhibition of the chicken embryo virus.
    20. Sukul NC, Sukul A, Sinhababu SP. Potentised Mercuric Chloride and Mercuric Iodide enhance Alpha Amylase activity in vitro. Homeopathy, 2002, 91, 217-220. In part a repetition of a trial published in 1954, researchers determined that Mercuric chloride 30C and Mercuric iodide 30C, both of which theoretically should contain no molecules of either of the original substance, were able to promote the hydrolysis of starch in vitro. This tends to support the view that the water molecules in the remedy retain the “memory” of the original molecule through the homeopathic potentisation process.
    21. Sunila ES, Kuttan R, Preethi KC, Kuttan G. Dynamized Preparations in Cell Culture. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009, 6, 2, 257-263. This article describes a series of tests carried out at the Amala Cancer Research Centre in Kerala, India, on cells grown in the laboratory using various homeopathically prepared medicines to ascertain their effects on these cells. Mother tincture, 30C and 200C potencies of various substances as well as potentised alcohol controls were separately added to the individual growth media in which certain lymphoma, carcinoma, fibroblast and ovary cells were grown. After analysing the effects of these materials on the various cell cultures, it was found that some of these caused significant cell death during short and long term incubation when compared to alcohol controls. It was also found that some of the test materials inhibited thymidine uptake in lung fibroblasts (therefore inhibiting growth), Thuja, Hydrastis and Carcinosin specifically, induced cell death in lymphoma cells, and Carcinosin was able to induce the expression of p53, which has been found to be capable of causing tumor suppression.
    22. Walchli C, Baumgartner S, Bastide MJ. Effect of low doses and high homeopathic potencies in normal and cancerous human lymphocytes: an in vitro isopathic study. Altern Complement Med. 2006 Jun, 12, 5, 421-7. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of pretreatment with either low doses, or homeopathic potencies, of cadmium chloride on the ability of normal lymphocyte or cancerous lymphocyte cultures to withstand exposure to toxic doses of cadmium. Normal lymphocytes exposed to toxic levels of cadmium which were pretreated with either low dose of cadmium or potentised cadmium showed a significant increase in viability. This effect was the same in the cancerous lymphocytes except that these cells showed no increase in viability after pre-treatment with potentised cadmium.
    23. Witt CM, Bluth M, Albrecht H, Weisshuhn TE, Baumgartner S, Willich SN. The In-Vitro Evidence for an Effect of High Homeopathic Potencies–a Systematic Review of the Literature. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2007 Jun;15(2):128-38. This was essentially a meta-analysis of all of the in-vitro studies that have attempted to demonstrate a homeopathic effect to date, carried out by Professor Claudia Witt and colleagues at the Department of Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité University Medical Center in Berlin, Germany. The aim here was to search all appropriate databases for relevant studies, determine which studies met the quality criteria set by the researchers, and then to determine which, if any of these, exhibited a statistically significant effect in this area. 67 papers were identified that met the quality criteria and of these, 73% found that an effect from high potencies can be demonstrated. The majority of these studies involved the effects of potentised substances on basophils. Replication of some of these studies has been carried out.

  3. La noticia buena: 150 se oponen.

    La noticia mala: 60 000 no se oponen.

    Es broma. Al menos ahora hay unos cuantos que oficialmente se oponen. Y son realmente honrados porque significa ganar menos dinero.

    Conozco licenciados y graduados universitarios en Biología y otras ciencias, que creen y defienden la homeopatía. Parece ser que en España se dan los títulos en una tómbola. Por ahí había que empezar.

  4. Soy farmacéutico, seguiré dispensando homeopatía, aunque no crea en ella, ya que el efecto placebo tb cura, mientras no sea ilegal.
    Cantos salen medio curados cuando van al médico??

    1. Es buena idea. Pero en ese caso el fabricante debería ser el Estado, y no farmacéuticas tramposas.
      Por cierto, la homeopatía es bastante cara, como sabrás.
      Os veo vendiendo patas de conejo porque la gente cree en ellas y polvo de hada o estampitas de la virgen o agua bendita.

      Y para los crédudos, ya estáis viendo lo que opinan los farmacéuticos que venden homeopatía. Creen que deben trataros como a niños o a deficientes.

    2. Dudo que lo seas. Si lo eres, no eres un buen profesional. El placebo no cura, hace sentir bien y tranquiliza igual que unas bonitas palabras; escucharles es una cosa, engañarles otra. No es honesto que los clientes y pacientes no sepan que se trata de «agua mágica». Y si no me equivoco y es un tu quoque sobre médicos se trata también de una falacia lógica.

    3. Así me gusta.
      Por cierto, lo mío es el vudú. ¿También vendes de eso? (Iba a preguntar por la maría, pero creo que esa sí es ilegal).

  5. Pues no sé si sea ciencia o no , pero sí sé que curan. Además todos sabemos a que juegan las grandes industrias farmacéuticas.

    1. Es ciencia si cura. No cura más que el placebo. Es decir que hay curaciones pero lo que cura no es el mismo medicamento homeopático, si lo cambias por azúcar o algo neutro la curación es la misma y realmente esto es lo que llevan los remedios homeopáticos. Es decir hay curaciones pero no son ellos la causa de las mismas. ***Además todos sabemos a que juegan las grandes industrias farmacéuticas.*** ¿y eso qué tiene que ver? La multinacional farmacéutica Boiron trabaja con homeopatía dado que vende un producto caro sin vender nada que cueste desarrollar

      una cosa es la medicina científica (la que cure más que el placebo en ensayos de doble ciego, la homeopatía no lo hace) y otra lo que se hagan las multinacionales que no cure o lo que sea, entre ellas las que hacen homeopatía para hacer caja a costa de la salud de la gente

  6. Yo también he usado la hemeopatía para tratar mi cáncer y ahora estoy curado. No solo ya no tengo cáncer, llevo 5 años sin enfermar de nada y ya no tengo efectos secundarios de medicamentos. Os animo a tomarlo como yo.

    Podéis visitarme en el cementerio de los premios Darwin

    1. Te tomaste homeopatía y te curaste. Pero el secreto es que la homeopatía no es lo que te curó sino que te curaste entonces. No es lo mismo. No cura más que el placebo y es un hecho. Es decir que la gente se cura por cosas que no son el supuesto remedio, simplemente

  7. es falso lo que publican de la homeopatia pues yo fui diagnosticado con cancer de prostata y dure 5 años con medicina alopata.. solo mejoraba un poco y los sintomas eran terribles junto con los efectos secundarios . Y hoy despues de 5 meses con homeopatia gracias a Dios estoy sano ….. la que habian de retirar es la medicina alopata ….. pero se les acabaria el gran negocio!!!!!!

    1. No. NO es falso. No cura más que el placebo. Es decir te puedes curar pero no es esta la que te cura sino otras cosas

      realmente son azucarillos sin principio activo alguno y no curan más que azucarillos cuando se hacen ensayos de doble ciego respecto placebo

      No es gracias a la hopeopatía sino a otras cosas que se te escapan pero la homeopatía no te ha hecho nada si era homeopatía. (ojo que se vende fitoterapia con etiqueta de homeopatía para engañar)

      pongo de nuevo esto
      http://www.rtve.es/alacarta/videos/orbita-laika/orbita-laika-historias-ciencia/3302565/

  8. Llevo 7 años con la homeopatía. .ya no tomo medicina convencional..y era adicta ..Se acabaron las migrañas, los ibuprofenos etc,etc.

    1. Testimonio anecdótico, o sea insuficiente, incluso aunque fuera correcto comete la falacia Post hoc: Asumir que un suceso es provocado por otro porque es anterior en el tiempo. Una relación cronológica no es más que uno de los indicadores de una posible relación causal. El día no causa la noche, o viceversa, a pesar de que hay una correlación altísima, prácticamente 100%. Se ha evaluado la homeopatía, sus principios son absurdos o simplemente idiotas y contradicen conocimientos básicos y bien establecidos de varias ciencias.

      1. Tan insuficiente como el tuyo faraday , que no te veo aportar nada , al menos paquistaní aporta su experiencia, tu no aportas nada. Pues yo tb me sumo, llevo 25 años con la homeopatía y me va mucho mejor que con las medicinas alopáticas, que desde entonces no pruebo. Bueno 150 firman en contra, de 21.500 farmacias , no es un gran número. Pero claro eso no os hará pensar , sino que como ocurre en el pensamiento dogmático, os reforzará la idea ( siempre ocurre así) , pensareis 150 honrados y el resto cobardes o timadores.

        1. «que no te veo aportar nada»

          No, obviamente no aporto testimonio personal a favor o en contra porque no es así como se acredita si un medicamento o tratamiento funciona. En ciencia, pensamiento sistemático para llegar a creencias verdaderas, por poner alguna definición, no se usan las anécdotas, los testimonios se contrastan con los hechos y aunque se pueden hacer estudios sobre alguno en concreto tienen una validez limitada.

          El amimefuncionalismo es un error. Y no hace falta ser científico para pensar como uno, ya que es la mejor manera de evitar prejuicios y errores a los que tendemos de forma espontánea.

          Diría que leo además la falacia lógica del straw man con ese «os reforzará» y «pensaréis» con el que «nos» retratas como a «dogmáticos». Si «nos» quisiéramos saber «lo que pensamos y qué nos refuerza» este asunto habría que ir recabando opiniones y obteniendo generalizaciones entre ese «nos» que ignoro exactamente qué es.

          Si queremos pensar la retórica no es un argumento o un dato. Las falacias son errores de pensamiento. Ignorar el método científico es desconocer cómo se sabe que algo funciona o no e inventarse lo que a uno se le ocurre.

      1. Gabriel, ¿porque no pones estudios , metaanálisis, doble ciegos, etc… a mi no me dice nada la charlatanería y la publicidad… La carga de la prueba recae en quien hace la afirmación…

      2. Si yo sugiriera que entre la Tierra y Marte hay una tetera de porcelana que gira alrededor del Sol en una órbita elíptica, nadie podría refutar mi aseveración, siempre que me cuidara de añadir que la tetera es demasiado pequeña como para ser vista incluso por los telescopios más potentes. Pero si yo dijera que, puesto que mi aseveración no puede ser refutada, dudar de ella es de una presuntuosidad intolerable por parte de la razón humana, se pensaría con toda razón que estoy diciendo tonterías. Sin embargo, si la existencia de tal tetera se afirmara en libros antiguos, si se enseñara cada domingo como verdad sagrada, si se instalara en la mente de los niños en la escuela, la vacilación para creer en su existencia sería un signo de excentricidad, y quien dudara merecería la atención de un psiquiatra en un tiempo iluminado, o la del inquisidor en tiempos anteriores.

        Esto es la tetera de Bertrand Russel que en resumen habla de la dificultad para demostrar la inexistencia de algo. Dicho de otro modo, quien ha de aportar pruebas es quien defiende la sí existencia de un hecho o un efecto.

        En los estudios que pides se evalua una hipotesis (la homeopatía es efectivo) frente a una ausencia de pruebas (no se ha podido demostrar que la homeopatía sea efectiva)

        Ahi tienes un informe sobre los estudios disponibles:
        http://www.mspsi.gob.es/novedades/docs/analisisSituacionTNatu.pdf
        http://www.mspsi.gob.es/novedades/docs/analisisSituacionTNatu.pdf

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